Paul Delaroche: The Reception of his Work in Russia

Аннотация

Despite the existing body of literature on Paul Delaroche, this article is the first attempt to seriously assess his reception in nineteenth-century Russia. A study of how Delaroche was received by Russian critics, collectors and artists allows us take a new look both at the scale of his significance for nineteenth-century art as a whole and at certain key aspects of Russian artistic culture. The author analyses reviews of Delaroche’s work in the Russian press, including some never previously discussed, and comments on Horace Vernet’s celebrated statement that: “The emperor [Nicholas I] spoke with me at length about Delaroche. He has all his prints”. Looking at Anatoly Demidov’s patronage of Delaroche, the article also touches on the Russian collector’s relations with the tsar. The new concept of the “genre historique” that originated with Delaroche was taken up and developed most productively in Russia in the 1860s and 1870s, as the author demonstrates through an analysis of paintings by Vyacheslav Schwarz and Nikolay Ge, noting that their treatment of subjects from history was possible only in the more liberal age of Alexander II. It was under Delaroche’s influence that both Schwarz and Ge created typologically new images of power and of the monarch (of Ivan the Terrible and Peter the Great). In conclusion, the author draws attention to the paradoxical nature of Western self-identification by Russian nineteenth-century artists, which can be explained in part through a study of the Russian reception of the art of Delaroche.

Ключевые слова:

nineteenth-century Russian art, nineteenth-century French art, Russian-French artistic relations, historicism, realism, Paul Delaroche, Karl Bryullov, Vyacheslav Schwarz, Nikolay Ge

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Биография автора

Мария Александровна Чернышева, Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет

кандидат искусствоведения, доцент кафедры междисциплинарных исследований и практик в области искусств факультета свободных искусств и наук

Литература

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Опубликован
2019-09-26
Как цитировать
Чернышева, М. А. (2019). Paul Delaroche: The Reception of his Work in Russia. Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Искусствоведение, 9(3), 577-589. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu15.2019.308
Раздел
Изобразительное искусство